ABBREVIATIONS, as used in Lists and Menus


Table 1:   CODING relevant to EXTINCT SPECIES. (Select from the top.)

kyBP   eg c10kyBP  =  "about 10,000 years before the present" [c8000 BC].

~end      Endangered.  As yet, not recorded in BioLists files. [= IUCN status CR, EN and V]  

~EP          Possibly Extinct; maybe not. [IUCN status EX and EW]  [Not yet added.]

~EQ         Quite probably Extinct since the start of industrial  agriculture - c1950 AD.

~ER          Extinct since c1500 AD, ie during the spread of the industrial revolution.

~ES           Extinct since c12kyBP; Homo sapiens involvement assumed.

~ET           Extinct since c12kyBP, H. sapiens involvement not suspected or not known.

~EU          Extinct in Pleistocene, between c2.6myBP and c12kyBP.

~f              A Fossil/Sub-fossil Taxon; extinct during the Cenozoic (65 to 2.6myBP).

~ff            A Fossil Taxon from the Mesozoic (252 to 65myBP).

~fff          A Fossil Taxon from the Palaeozoic (prior to 252myBP).   

c          Approximate:      eg "c100", means "about 100", ie 95 to 105, or wider.

Table 2:   Overall indications of species status in their Historical range (n/-)
                          and in significant Human-assisted geographic range Extensions (-/n):

~C6/- or -/6    Numbers and/or Range increasing. (Probably "invasive" or a "pest".)

~C5/- or -/5    Numbers and/or Range possibly increasing.

~C4/- or -/4    Numbers and/or Range Steady - no concerns.

~C3/- or -/3    Numbers and/or Range possibly decreasing.

~C2/- or -/2    Numbers and/or Range decreasing. ( Probably not ecologically functional.)

~C1/- or -/1    Numbers and/or Range dangerously reduced. (Local extinctions are merging.)

Blanks  ("-") indicate "not relevant";  Vacant spaces indicate "information not yet sourced".


Example:  Canis lupus~C5/-The 5/ indicates that the Wolf may now be increasing in numbers and/or range (within its historical territories)(ie, its pre-10kyBP range), and the  /- indicates that currently no comment is relevant for outside this area.


Note:  With any BioList, users may use or adapt the above codes to apply them to narrower territories. 

Elsewhere see formal coding of Conservation status (IUCN, etc).


Table 3:   CONVENTIONS for naming TAXA 

SCIENTIFIC/LATIN NAMES:                   these follow the various International Codes of Taxonomic Nomenclature.

UTILITY and TAG NAMES:       these are Common Names; each is unique to a species within a Year-version.

VERNACULAR NAMES:                           Common Names belonging to a spoken Language.
1 - The aim is to increase the use of Common Names (linked to their Latin names and Classification) to aid  communication of biodiversity information between grass roots natural historians, parataxonomists, academics, ecologists, decision makers, and everybody else.
2 - As used here, Common Names conform to vernacular usage as closely as reasonably possibly without attempting to formalise or restrict any usage.
3 - In print, Common Names are Capitalised only when they are specific proper nouns; general names are Capitalised when they are equivalent to Taxonomic Names. Examples:

                  Wood Anemone:  The Capital "A" indicates that the Taxon is an Anemone (Ranunculaceae).
                  Flinders-rose: The lower case on "rose" indicates the Taxon is not a Rose (Rosaceae).
                  Waterlily:  Not a Lily, otherwise it would be "Water-Lily" or "Water Lily".
4 - Is = Island:  eg "Maud-Is Frog" = "Maud Island Frog".



Table 4:   Other CONVENTIONS


Taxon     A taxonomic name: plural Taxa.

  #            This character is in place of a numeral or a number; or it means "number".

BDV-#    A single BioLists' biodiversity code number, eg a 4-digit ORDER-#. Cf "BDV-##" - several .

####      A BioLists' ORDER-level number.

cf: ####      Compare:  a similar name exists at this BDV-#.

sp. or spp.    These representing one or more unnamed species names.


   ~LF        A Fungus Taxon which contains some Lichen-forming Fungal species.

   ~LL        Lichen Taxa - each named for its Fungus, but with a new BDV-##.

   ~X       This Taxon may be a Hybrid.

   ~Y          A widely understood name, such as a Variety, used in place of a species name.

   ~Z        This is an informal name used here in the absence of a species name.

   ~/          A Family name:  treat it as for Names ending in --ae.

   ~\          Not a Family name, despite ending in --ae.

 ~i.s.        A name being used here with uncertain classification. "i.s." = Incertae sedis.


Upper case letters only:             ORDERS: also for Sub-Phyla and higher Levels.

One Cap+lower case letters:    Classes and other Taxa Levels through to Genus.

Lower case letters only:            species-level and lower.